Although as Czechoslovakia they amassed two gold and four silver medals in the FIVB World Championships in the 1950s and 1960s, the Czech Republic has not been on the podium of the competition since the breakup with Slovakia. Their best finish was 10th in 2010, though they failed to qualify to the 2014 and 2018 editions.
Czechoslovakia also took silver at Tokyo 1964 when volleyball made its Olympic debut and followed that with the bronze four years later in Mexico City. They also took part in the Munich 1972 (6th), Montreal 1976 (5th) and Moscow 1980 (8th) Olympic Games. At continental level Czechoslovakia had been crowned European champions three times in the late 1940s and the 1950s. Their best finish as Czech Republic was 4th place twice, in 1999 and 2001. Most recently they placed 7th in 2017. The Czech Republic first competed in the FIVB World League for a single season in 2003, but did not fully return to the competition until 11 years later, when they joined Group 2 where they played until the competition was discontinued in 2017. Their best fourth place from 2013 remained their best finish ever.